Psychological differentiation and its relationship to perceived stress among kindergarten teachers
Keywords:: Psychological differentiation , relationship to perceived stress .
In her research, the researcher followed the descriptive correlative approach, and to achieve the objectives of the research, the researcher has built a scale of psychological differentiation according to Bowen’s theory, 1975, which consisted of (48) paragraphs equally distributed over four areas: (emotional reaction, my attitude as an individual, emotional cutting, social relations), and the perceived stress scale according to the theory of Lazarus and Folkman (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984), which consisted of (48) items equally distributed over four areas: (external (environmental) requirements, personal (internal) requirements, response to stress, and evaluation of stressful situations), and the researcher achieved From the apparent validity of the psychological differentiation scale and the consistency of its paragraphs, and calculating its stability by the re-test method, as the reliability coefficient reached (0.810) and by the Alpha Cronbach method, as the reliability coefficient reached (0.780). The reliability coefficient was (0.890) and by the Alpha Cronbach method, the reliability coefficient was (0.886). The researcher applied the two scales to the research sample of (200) kindergarten teachers in Nineveh Governorate, and the sample was chosen in a simple random way, and the research data was processed by statistical means that fit with the nature and objectives of the current research, and among these means (the T-test for one sample) , T-test for two independent samples, Pearson correlation coefficient).