effectiveness of a training program according to the theory of competencies adopted in the achievement of the student / teacher sciences at the College of Basic Education
The aim of the current research is to identify the effectiveness of a training program according to the theory of competencies adopted in the achievement of the student / teacher sciences at the College of Basic Education, by verifying the validity of the following Zero hypothesis:
1- There is no statistically significant difference at the level of significance (0.05) between the average scores of students - teachers - in the experimental group who studied according to the theory of competencies and the average scores of the control group students who studied according to the usual method of achievement test. The researcher has approved the experimental design with partial control for the experimental and control groups and the post-test the students - teachers, while the control group did not undergo this program. The community has been limited to (189) male and female students by (49 Department of Chemistry, 40 Department of Biology and 40 Department of Physics, the research and its sample for students - teachers from fourth grades / Science Department /Bio Sciences Branch - Chemistry Branch / College of Basic Education / Al-Mustansiriyah University. The Research numbered (89) male and female students for the academic year 2019-2020 AD, and by random selection, the students of the Department of Chemistry (experimental group) have been selected and their number reached 49 students subjected to the program and students of the Department of Biology (the control group) and their number reached 40 students. Scores of previous information test for science teaching methods and general teaching methods scores for the previous academic year (2018-2019). The researcher has been accurate to control some non-experimental variables that could affect the safety of the proposed training program, and has used statistical means (the two independent samples test, the T-test For one sample, the effect equation, and the variance, ........) the researcher has trained the students of the two groups and has defined the subject represented in (the nature of science, educational goals, planning, teaching methods) and has determined the objectives locally within the field of Bloom's classification, totaling about (100) behavioral objects, in order to implement plans and training operations. A training program has been built according to three phases (input, operations, and outputs) and then presented in its initial form to a group of arbitrators to verify it before starting its application and to benefit from their observations and make the necessary adjustments to it, as the program prepared for training on competency theory for students - teachers was applied ( Experimental group) in halls of the science department in the College of Basic Education - Al-Mustansiriyah University, which lasted (8) weeks. The time of the training session was two hours (70 minutes theoretical teaching by the professor and 50 minutes of training by the researcher in the presence of the supervising professor) As for the research tool, it is the achievement test (post-test), as it was applied to the experimental and control research samples at the same time. In light of this, the researcher has made a number of recommendations for the necessity of including practical education courses and methods of science teaching in the science departments of the college of Basic Education the competencies so that students - teachers can perform different educational competencies and activities because of their impact on achieving educational goals of all kinds by adopting modern teaching methods. The researcher has also presented a number of recommendations and proposals, including conducting an experimental research that includes introducing the theory of competencies and comparing it with another variable for students - teachers in science departments / College of Basic Education and knowing its impact on their teaching performance due to the lack of studies that dealt with this topic.